- The Turn toward Dialogue
- The Turn toward Critical-Thinking
based on some notion and experience of the Transcendent
- containing four “C’s”.
- Creed refers to the cognitive aspect of a religion; it is everything that goes into the “explanation” of the ultimate meaning of life.
- Code of behavior or ethics includes all the rules and customs of action that somehow follow from one aspect or another of the Creed.
- Cult are all the ritual activities that relate the believer to one aspect or other of the Trans-cendent, either directly or indirectly, prayer being an example of the former and certain formal behavior toward representatives of the Transcendent, like priests, of the latter.
- Community-structure refers to the relationships among the believers; this can vary wide-ly, from an egalitarian relationship, as among Quakers, through a “republican” structure as with Presbyterians, to a monarchical one, as with Hasidic Jews vis-a-vis their Rebbe.
- Transcendent, as the roots of the word indicate, means “that which goes beyond” the everyday, the ordinary, the surface experience of reality. It can mean spirits, gods, a Personal God, an Impersonal God, Emptiness, etc., etc.
- The Roles of the Intellect and the Will: The True and the Good
- The Contribution of Plato and Aristotle
- The Struggle for Dominance: The Intellect and the Will
There broke through then
1. abstract Reason in Greece,
2. the turn from the external to the internal in the Hebrew prophets,
3. the plotting of the personal path to the goal of life by the Buddha, the pattern of the Human, Ren by Confucius ... The rise of the Intellect vis a vis the Will was also reflected in slowly moving away from the Community being all-consuming to the Individual Person. Increasingly it was, and is, understood that the Person (Intellect/Reason) is not ultimately for the sake of the Community (Will/Power), but that the Community is for the sake of the Person. (More about this later.)
- Islam: Early Dominance of the Intellect, and Then of the Will
- Christianity’s Struggle, and Avoidance of Complete Dominance of the Will
- A Dominant Intellect Exemplified by Thomas Aquinas
See also Robert R. Reilly, The Closing of the Muslim Mind (Wilmington DE: ISI Books, 2012).
Andrew Saperstein, Rick Love, and Joseph Cumming, “Answers to Frequently Asked Questions Regarding the Yale Response to ‘A Common Word Between Us and You,’” Miroslav Wolf, Ghazi bin Muhammad, and Melissa Yarrington, eds., A Common Word (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2010), pp. 179f.